characteristics of spandex


oils, perspiration, Some examples of areas where spandex fibers are used include the making of tights, stretchable jeans, swimwear, lingerie straps, socks, corsetry, medical products that require elasticity and upholstery. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. The Properties of Spandex. Since the ratio of the component materials produces fibers with varying characteristics, it is strictly controlled. [12], By the mid-1970s, girdle sales began to drop with the emergence of the Women's Liberation Movement. spandex U.S. Patent 5,028,642, 1991. Its formfitting properties quickly caught on with a younger, body-conscious crowd, and by the 1990s the apparel industry was using spandex and spandex blends in tights, bodysuits, T-shirts, pants, skirts, and even men's shirts.
Everything interesting about the installation of LED segment display, What you should know about Concrete Cutters, Use Stainless Steel Tube Suppliers To Fulfill Your Needs, Factors to consider while sourcing Nut and Bolt. The hydroxyl groups that are found on both ends of the macro-glycol chain are                   responsible for its stretchability while the isocyanate groups found on both ends of the di-isocyanate are responsible for the fiber’s rigidity. 16 Oct. 2020 . definition The resulting solution is diluted with a solvent to produce the spinning solution. As the decade progressed, shirts, pants, dresses, and even shoes were being made with spandex blends, and mass-market retailers like Banana Republic were using it for menswear. spandex Spandex is also used in the automotive industry to make door panel fabrics that adhere to the door.

[13] By the 1980s, the fitness trend had reached its height in popularity and fashionistas began wearing shorts on the street. The compounds are mixed in a reaction vessel and under the right conditions they react to form a prepolymer. Each of these methods involve the initial step of reacting monomers to produce a prepolymer. https://www.encyclopedia.com/manufacturing/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/spandex, Romanowski, Perry "Spandex Spandex, Lycra or elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. The macro-glycol can be a polyester, polyether, polycarbonate, polycaprolactone or some combination of these. Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages.

." This also enhances the flexibility, Longitudinally, it shows fibers of similar diameters, Cross-sectional: it shows the different shapes of filaments. These fibers are superior to rubber because they are stronger, lighter, and more versatile. substance Can elongate anywhere from 500 to 700% Background In the eighteenth century, thick quilting and stout seams on the corset shaped the body when the garment was tightly laced. The name "spandex" is an anagram of the word "expands". They are compatible with other materials, and can be spun with other types of fibers to produce unique fabrics, which have characteristics of both fibers. This makes the amorphous segments longer, thereby increasing the length of the fiber. It is extruded into a fiber as a mono filament threadline or for most products into a multiplicity of fine filaments that are coalesced shortly after they are formed into a single threadline. DuPont Spandex is a synthetic fabric that is prized for its elasticity. It is classified as a liquid and is typically made by combining…, Background Spandex proved such a popular fabric in the garment industry that by 1987 DuPont had trouble meeting worldwide demand. First, they can be stretched repeatedly, and will return almost exactly back to original size and shape. Since solution dry spinning is used to produce over 90% of the world's spandex fibers, it is described. This may be magnesium stearate or another polymer such as poly(dimethyl-siloxane). Invista; It’s also not badly affected by heat. (October 16, 2020). Spandex fibers are produced in four different ways including melt extrusion, reaction spinning, solution dry spinning, and solution wet spinning. is Invista's The fibers are joined together to form bundles of the desired thickness. Two types of pre-polymers are reacted: macro-glycol and diisocyanate. In addition to spandex fiber improvements, it is likely that advanced fabrics will be produced which incorporate spandex fibers with conventional fibers.

As the decade progressed shirts, pants, dresses, and even shoes were being made with spandex blends, and mass-market retailers like Banana Republic were using it for menswear. Has a smooth structure; Has a serrated structure that holds it in place and prevents it from slipping.

Spandex [14] Spandex proved such a popular fiber in the garment industry that by 1987 DuPont had trouble meeting worldwide demand. Then the prepolymer is reacted further, in various ways, and drawn out to produce a long fiber. U.S. spandex fiber producers:
The fibers can be added to any fabric to improve its stretchability.

Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Once the tension is removed, the fibers go back to their original size. When the two types of prepolymers are mixed together, they interact to form the spandex fibers.

Lastly, the fibers are treated with a finishing agent to prevent them from sticking together. Top Advantages of Using LED Displays to Advertise Your Business, Why 48v Lithium Ion Battery is Your Best Option. Spandex is a term used as an anagram for the word expands. These produce the backbone of the fiber and protect the integrity of the polymer. Advertise   In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. fiber Apparel Search Company. of a Inspections begin with the evaluation of the incoming raw materials. The solution dry spinning method is used to produce over 94.5% of the world's spandex fibers,[10] and the process has five steps: In the post World War II era, DuPont Textiles Fibers Department, which was formed in 1952, became its most popular division, dominating the synthetic fiber market worldwide. Let's Get Connected: LinkedIn | Facebook | Email: textilelearners@gmail.com. segmented

Textile & To initiate this reaction, a catalyst such as diazobicyclo[2.2.2]octane must be used. News Letter   Since their discovery, the quality of the spandex fibers keeps improving and getting better. There are a variety of raw materials that are used in the manufacture of spandex fibers. Various areas of research will help continue their improvement. Spandex is a synthetic fibre known for its exceptional elastic nature, and is stronger and more durable comparatively over rubber. [11] This expansion furthered at the 1968 Winter Olympic Games when the French ski team wore Lycra garments to compete. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Spandex leggings, usually in black and worn with a baggy sweatshirt that covered the hips, were a popular casual style for young women throughout the 1990s.

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